Metallurgy is the science that studies and manages the metal since its extraction from underground until its transformation into products of suitable use. Metallurgy designates a set of procedures and techniques for extraction, production, treatment and casting of metals and alloys.

From early on, man used metals for making tools, materials such as copper, lead, bronze, iron, gold and silver were widely used in

The first blast furnaces appeared in the thirteenth century. The metallurgical industry had new impetus in the eighteenth century with the industrial revolution.