Mining corresponds to an economic and industrial activity that consists of research, exploration, ploughing (extraction) and processing of ores present in the subsoil. This activity is largely responsible for the current configuration of the society in which we live, since several products and resources used by us come from this activity, such as computers, cosmetics, roads, metallic structures, among
Thus, it is possible to say that mining is essential for socioeconomic development. Brazil is considered one of the countries with the highest mineral potential in the world. The mining sector represents 4.2% of the Gross National Product of the country and about 20% of Brazilian exports, according to the Ministry of Mines and Energy. It is scheduled for Brazil, through the National Mining Plan 2030, issued by the same Ministry, to be invested in mineral exploration, mining and mineral processing, about $ 270 billion by the year 2030.