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Ceramics Industries

Pottery is one of artifacts production activity from clay, which becomes very plastic and easy to shape when wet. After subjected to drying to remove most of the water, the molded part is subjected to high temperatures around 1,000 degrees Celsius, which give it rigidity and strength by the fusion of certain components of the mass, and in some cases the fixing enamel surface.

These properties allowed the ceramics to be used in the construction of homes, containers for domestic use and storage of food, wines, oils, perfumes, in the construction of funerary urns and even “paper” for writing.

The ceramic can be an artistic activity, in which artifacts are produced with aesthetic value, or an industrial activity in which artifacts are produced for use in construction and engineering.

Today, in addition to its use as a raw material constituent of various household tools, civil construction and plastic material in the hands of artists, ceramics is also used in state of the art technology, specifically in the manufacture of space rocket components, precisely because of its durability.

Ceramic Industry today can be divided into sectors that have very individual characteristics and distinct levels of technological advancement.

Steel Casting and Cast Iron

In metallurgy, casting is the process of placing molten metal into a mold containing a cavity with the desired shape, and then allowing to cool and solidify. The solidified part is known as the casting, which is taken from the mold or the mold is broken to complete the process. Casting is most often used to make complex parts that would be difficult or more expensive to make by other methods. The casting processes have been known for thousands of years, and widely used in sculptures, especially in bronze,precious metal jewelry, weapons and tools.

Industries Cement and Lime

The cement industry requires large investments and is subject to cost pressures. With regard to the direct costs, the cost of fuel and electricity represent more than 50% in the formation of direct production cost of a cement plant. The cement is present in all kinds of work, from the simplest to the most complex, from beginning to end thereof and being a product of low value / weight is quite burdened for shipping, distribution, suffering the impact with fuel and other petroleum products increases. The estimated installed capacity of the country now exceeds 100 million tons per year. The lime is one of the most versatile natural products, its first uses are dated at prehistory, in building pyramids, especially churches and homes. One of its main functions is the binder, or the alloy into the mass, acting as a sort of glue. However, its use is now highly diversified, ranging from segment to segment.

Steel Industries

The steel is a metallurgical branch dedicated to the transformation of iron. This mineral is usually turned into a blast furnace through an installation that merges it into a cylindrical capsule through which the coke’s solid fuel undergoes chemical reactions transforming it into iron.

All products obtained are part of the steel industry, industry that has a large number of strategic valuable metals (the tungsten, nickel,
chromium and magnesium). From these metals, it is possible to manufacture a variety of tools related to all types of economic activity such as construction, the automotive industry, shipbuilding, heavy machinery, etc.

According to the Brazil Steel Institute, the Brazilian steel production is around 33 million tons / year with a number of direct jobs around
116,000.